International Journal of Multiple Research Approaches
Onwueguzie, Johnson, and Collins 2009 (2008)
Sample article abstracts:
Onwueguzie, Johnson, and Collins 2009
We provide a philosophical justification for analyzing qualitative and quantitative data within the same study. First, we present several recent typologies of analyses in social science research that incorporate both monomethod (i.e. purely quantitative research or purely qualitative research) and mixed research studies. Second, we discuss what has been referred to as the fundamental principle of empirical data analysis, wherein both qualitative and quantitative data analysis techniques are shaped by an attempt to analyze data in a way that yields at least one of five types of generalizations. Third, building on the frameworks of Denzin and Lincoln (2005), Heron and Reason (1997) and Johnson and Onwuegbuzie (2004), we compare and contrast three qualitative-based paradigms (i.e. constructivism, critical theory, participatory), one quantitative-based paradigm (i.e. postpositivism) and one mixed research-based paradigm (i.e. pragmatism) with respect to three axiomatic components (i.e. ontological, epistemological and methodological foundations) and seven issues (i.e. nature of knowledge, knowledge accumulation, goodness or quality criteria, values, ethics, inquirer posture and training). Also, we link each paradigm to data analysis strategies. Fourth, we illustrate similarities in goals between some qualitative and quantitative analyses; in so doing, we deconstruct the strong claim that analysis must be either qualitative or quantitative and illustrate that regardless of perspective (e.g. postpositivist or constructivist), both qualitative and quantitative data can be jointly analyzed. Finally, we compare and contrast 11 mixed research paradigms/worldviews, linking them to mixed analysis strategies, thereby situating mixed analyses in the philosophy of social science and promoting mixed research as a distinctive methodology.
A new era in research methods is emerging and has been quietly lauded by several emerging authorities in the field of mixed methods research. Like the mythology of the phoenix, mixed methods research has arisen out of the ashes of the paradigm wars to become the third methodological movement (Cameron & Miller 2007). The fields of applied social science and evaluation are among those which have shown the greatest popularity and uptake of mixed methods research designs. This article provides a brief overview of the rise of mixed methods research, its usage in business and management fields and its relationship to the philosophy of pragmatism. Typologies of mixed methods research designs are discussed and a case study of a sequential mixed model research design in the human resource development (HRD) field is presented. Issues related to design, analytical processes and display arising from utilising this particular mixed method research design are discussed. As a consequence, the article contains several Tables and Figures which exemplify display options that may assist those researchers who are considering utilising a mixed method research design.